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Study IDs secret of stealthy invader essential to ruinous rice disease

NSF News - Thu, 2023-10-12 09:30
The virulence of a rice-wrecking fungus — and deployment of ninja-like proteins that help it escape detection by muffling an immune system's alarm bells — relies on genetic decoding quirks that could prove central to stopping it, according to U.S…

Decades-long Arctic rivers study reveals widespread changes

NSF News - Thu, 2023-10-12 09:30
Research examining a 20-year record of water chemistry in the six largest Arctic rivers — the Ob', Yenisey, Lena and Kolyma in Russia, and the Mackenzie and Yukon in North America, which together capture two-thirds of the Arctic Ocean watershed area…

NSF congratulates laureate of the 2023 Nobel Prize in economics

NSF News - Wed, 2023-10-11 12:02
The U.S. National Science Foundation congratulates Claudia Goldin on her 2023 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. Her groundbreaking research has given new insights into women’s historical and contemporary roles in the labor market and reveals…

2023/10/11 Accelerating Interoperability Standards for Commercial Lunar Infrastructure

DARPA - Wed, 2023-10-11 00:00
Through the Lunar Guidelines for Infrastructure Consortium (LOGIC), DARPA will convene stakeholders across industry, academia, and government to identify and propose interoperating standards for commercial lunar infrastructure.
Categories: Department of Defense

2023/10/11 Teams Developing Datasets to Support DARPA Triage Challenge

DARPA - Wed, 2023-10-11 00:00
The Research Infrastructure for Trauma with Medical Observations (RITMO) effort aims to combine large-volume multimodal sensor, intervention, and medical outcome data obtained from trauma patients during the early post-injury period into a single database. By using de-identified patient data, researchers can ensure that patient privacy is protected. Data collected in RITMO will support the DARPA Triage Challenge program to identify novel physiological signatures that could enhance triage decision-making in austere, complex, and mass-casualty settings.
Categories: Department of Defense

Blink and you'll miss these plants shooting their seeds

NSF News - Tue, 2023-10-10 10:11
If you happened upon a witch hazel plant in the forest, you might describe it as a sweet-smelling shrub with crinkly ribbon-like petals. But to Duke University researcher Justin Jorge, it's a howitzer. That's because of the impressive firepower of…

New modeling method helps scientists understand extreme heat waves

NSF News - Tue, 2023-10-10 10:09
To prepare for extreme heat waves around the world — particularly in places known for cool summers — climate simulation models that include a new computing concept may save tens of thousands of lives. The concept, called "ensemble boosting," uses…

NSF and the French National Research Agency sign a memorandum of understanding and announce two new lead agency opportunities

NSF News - Thu, 2023-10-05 12:06
On Tuesday, Sept. 26, 2023, the U.S. National Science Foundation and the French National Research Agency (ANR) signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) establishing an overarching framework to encourage collaboration between U.S. and French…

Quantum computer unveils atomic dynamics of light-sensitive molecules

NSF News - Thu, 2023-10-05 09:30
Researchers at Duke University have implemented a new method to observe a quantum effect in the way light-absorbing molecules interact with incoming photons. Known as a conical intersection, the effect puts limitations on the paths molecules can take…

Atmospheric circulation weakens following volcanic eruptions

NSF News - Thu, 2023-10-05 09:30
The Pacific Ocean covers 32% of Earth's surface area. Its activity affects conditions around the globe. Periodic variations in the ocean's water temperature and winds, called the El Niño–Southern Oscillation, are a major meteorologic force…

NSF congratulates laureates of the 2023 Nobel Prize in chemistry

NSF News - Wed, 2023-10-04 13:46
The U.S. National Science Foundation congratulates Moungi G. Bawendi, Louis E. Brus and Alexei I. Ekimov on their 2023 Nobel Prize in chemistry. The laureates discovered quantum dots and a method for reliably producing them at a high quality. Quantum…

NSF congratulates laureates of the 2023 Nobel Prize in physics

NSF News - Tue, 2023-10-03 13:41
The U.S. National Science Foundation congratulates Pierre Agostini, Ferenc Krausz and Anne L'Huillier on their 2023 Nobel Prize in physics. Their groundbreaking discoveries have given humanity new tools for exploring the world of electrons inside…

Exascale revolution: Supercomputers unleash a new era in biophysics discovery

NSF News - Tue, 2023-10-03 09:59
In a paper in Biophysical Journal, biophysicist Rafael Bernardi of Auburn University and his colleagues shed light on the capabilities of the next generation of supercomputers in reshaping the landscape of biophysics. The U.S. National Science…

AI helps robots manipulate objects with their whole bodies

NSF News - Tue, 2023-10-03 09:52
Imagine you want to carry a large, heavy box up a flight of stairs. You might spread your fingers and lift the box with both hands, then hold it on top of your forearms and balance it against your chest, using your whole body to manipulate the box…

This week with NSF Director Panchanathan

NSF News - Fri, 2023-09-29 13:10
This week, U.S. National Science Foundation Director Sethuraman Panchanathan keyed in on advancing high-impact global collaboration by fostering international partnerships. NSF's Office of International Science and Engineering Head Kendra Sharp and…

2023/09/29 Voices from DARPA Episode 72: Reinventing Microelectronics Manufacturing

DARPA - Fri, 2023-09-29 00:00
Supply chain disruptions stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic, among other issues, shined a bright light on the global reliance on microchips. In the United States, national recognition underscored the need to strengthen the domestic microelectronics industry, including on-shore fabrication and next-generation research, development, and capabilities.
Categories: Department of Defense

NSF invests $19.6M in emerging research institutions to grow their capacity to participate in regional innovation ecosystems and announces next funding opportunity

NSF News - Thu, 2023-09-28 14:00
The U.S. National Science Foundation announced the first-ever Enabling Partnerships to Increase Innovation Capacity (EPIIC) investment of $19.6 million to nearly 50 teams at U.S. institutions of higher education, including teams from historically…

Unexpectedly calm and remote galaxy cluster discovered

NSF News - Thu, 2023-09-28 10:09
Astronomers have discovered the most distant "relaxed" galaxy cluster to date — the farthest cluster ever spotted that is not being disrupted by violent collisions with other clusters of galaxies. The finding is paving the way to learning how and…

Arrays of quantum rods could enhance TVs or virtual reality devices

NSF News - Thu, 2023-09-28 10:06
Flat-screen TVs that incorporate quantum dots are now commercially available, but it has been more difficult to create arrays of their elongated cousins, quantum rods, for commercial devices. Quantum rods can control both the polarization and color…

NSF partners with the Institute for Progress to test new mechanisms for funding research and innovation

NSF News - Thu, 2023-09-28 10:00
The U.S. National Science Foundation and the Institute for Progress (IFP), with its Metascience Working Group, today announced an agreement to design and execute experiments to explore how the agency funds and supports research and innovation. The…