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New grants support research on factors affecting infectious disease transmission

NSF News - Mon, 2022-09-26 09:11
Headlines on COVID-19 and monkeypox underscore the importance of understanding infectious diseases and how they're transmitted. Scientists are studying these diseases, such as hand, foot and mouth disease and Lyme disease, to gain insights into how…

This week with NSF Director Panchanathan

NSF News - Fri, 2022-09-23 14:54
This week, NSF Director Sethuraman Panchanathan promoted greater domestic production of critical computer chips and the benefits of enhanced international cooperation among agencies and organizations. On Monday, the director sat down with host Judy…

2022/09/23 DARPA Selects Teams to Improve How Scientists Build/Sustain Models, Simulations

DARPA - Fri, 2022-09-23 00:00
DARPA has selected multiple teams of researchers for the agency's Automating Scientific Knowledge Extraction and Modeling (ASKEM) program. ASKEM performers will use artificial intelligence (AI) approaches and tools to create, sustain, and enhance complex models and simulators.
Categories: Department of Defense

2022/09/22 Episode 60: The Neuroethicist

DARPA - Thu, 2022-09-22 00:00
For this episode of the Voices from DARPA podcast, we spoke with Dr. Joeanna Arthur who joined DARPA in August 2022 as a program manager, or PM, in the Biological Technologies Office. Her research interests include operational neuroscience, human performance optimization and predictive analytics, leveraging advances in cognitive and behavioral science.
Categories: Department of Defense

Mimicking termites to generate new materials

NSF News - Wed, 2022-09-21 11:41
Inspired by the way termites build their nests, researchers at Caltech have developed a framework to design new materials that mimics the fundamental rules hidden in nature's growth patterns. The investigators showed that, using these rules, it is…

How did slime, a marvel of biology, evolve?

NSF News - Wed, 2022-09-21 11:38
From the slime coatings of slugs to the saliva in our mouths, many animals contain mucus. How did this marvel of biology evolve? In mammals, the answer is many times and often in surprising ways, according to a new study on proteins called mucins…

NSF's Convergence Accelerator invests $30 million to tackle challenges related to the blue economy

NSF News - Wed, 2022-09-21 10:00
The U.S National Science Foundation is tackling challenges related to climate, sustainability, food, energy, pollution and the economy through a $30 million investment to advance six convergent research teams from Phase 1 to Phase 2 of NSF's…

Plants reprogram their cells to fight invaders. Here's how.

NSF News - Tue, 2022-09-20 10:32
In times of war, factories retool to support the needs of battle. Assembly lines change course from turning out car parts to machine guns, or from building washing machines to aircraft engines. To hear Duke University scientist Xinnian Dong tell it…

Silicon image sensor that computes

NSF News - Tue, 2022-09-20 10:31
As any driver knows, accidents can happen in the blink of an eye — so when it comes to the camera system in autonomous vehicles, processing time is critical. The time that it takes for the system to snap an image and deliver the data to the…

NSF invests in bio-inspired and bioengineered systems for artificial intelligence, infrastructure and health

NSF News - Mon, 2022-09-19 12:00
The U.S. National Science Foundation announces an investment of $30 million to support new interdisciplinary, fundamental research projects for the Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation, or EFRI, program. Awardees will work on projects that…

Reintroducing bison to grasslands increases plant diversity, drought resilience, study finds

NSF News - Mon, 2022-09-19 11:12
A Kansas State University-led study has found that reintroducing bison — a formerly dominant grazer — doubles plant biodiversity in a tallgrass prairie. The research includes more than 30 years of data collected at the Konza Prairie Biological…

Thinking like a cyber-attacker to protect user data

NSF News - Mon, 2022-09-19 11:12
A component of computer processors that connects different parts of the chip can be exploited by malicious agents who seek to steal secret information from programs running on the computer, MIT researchers have found. Modern computer processors…

Exploring how future tech can benefit people in the workplace — NSF greenlights 14 new 'Future of Work' research projects

NSF News - Mon, 2022-09-19 09:30
The U.S. National Science Foundation will invest more than $29 million in research projects designed to increase opportunities for U.S. workers and generate positive societal and economic impacts at the local and national level. Researchers in 17…

2022/09/19 Today’s Analysts Require More from Machines, New AI Program Aims to Teach Them How

DARPA - Mon, 2022-09-19 00:00
DARPA's Environment-driven Conceptual Learning (ECOLE) program aims to radically improve artificial intelligence (AI) agents by teaching them to continually learning from linguistic and visual input. The goal is to enable human-machine collaborative analysis of image, video, and multimedia documents during time-sensitive, mission-critical DOD analytic tasks where reliability and robustness are essential.
Categories: Department of Defense

NSF announces increased support for capacity building in quantum information science and engineering research

NSF News - Fri, 2022-09-16 12:59
The expansive and growing societal and economic impacts of quantum information science and engineering, or QISE, pose new challenges and unique possibilities. Building capacity, broadening participation, increasing access and expanding opportunities…

2022/09/16 RACER’s Off-Road Autonomous Vehicles Teams Expand to a Second Course Location

DARPA - Fri, 2022-09-16 00:00
Teams involved in DARPA's Robotic Autonomy in Complex Environments with Resiliency (RACER) program have one experiment under their belts and will focus on even more difficult off-road landscapes at Camp Roberts, California, September 15-27. The program aims to give driverless combat vehicles off-road autonomy while traveling at speeds that keep pace with those driven by people in realistic situations.
Categories: Department of Defense

Fish 'chock-full' of antifreeze protein found in iceberg habitats off Greenland

NSF News - Wed, 2022-09-14 11:20
New research based on an expedition to the icy waters off Greenland reveals high levels of antifreeze proteins in a species of tiny snailfish, underlying the importance of this unique adaptation to life in sub-zero temperatures. The U.S. National…

Researchers develop an integrated method to measure stability during walking

NSF News - Wed, 2022-09-14 11:18
Researchers at Georgia Tech funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation have developed an integrated approach to studying the biomechanics of falls and how the legs, joints and muscles act as a system to respond. Studying how the different…

2022/09/14 DARPA Taps New Small Business Innovation Sources for Classified Efforts

DARPA - Wed, 2022-09-14 00:00
The Department of Defense (DOD) seeks innovative and creative solutions to complex, classified challenges, but the DOD is currently only able to access a limited pool of companies cleared to work on them. Companies must have a facility clearance and their employees must hold security clearances to do classified work. But for a company to have a facility clearance, it must have a contract requiring classified work to justify the clearance. This current model results in a cyclical pattern that precludes the injection of new companies and ideas into the classified DOD research and development ecosystem.
Categories: Department of Defense

Burying short sections of power lines could drastically reduce hurricanes' impact on coastal residents

NSF News - Tue, 2022-09-13 10:06
As Earth warms due to climate change, people living near the coasts not only face a higher risk of major hurricanes but are also more likely to experience heat waves while grappling with widespread power outages. Princeton researchers funded by the U…