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Updated: 4 hours 26 min ago

Rare plants attract rare bees and birds in urban gardens

Tue, 2022-08-16 11:18
Little is known about what drives rare biodiversity in cities. Rare plant species in urban gardens may be the answer. The plants in turn attract rare bee and bird species, according to a Dartmouth College-led study looking at urban gardens in…

New model developed to predict landslides along wildfire burn scars

Tue, 2022-08-16 11:18
A wildfire followed by an intense rainstorm is often a recipe for disaster. Without vegetation to cushion rainfall, water runoff can turn into a fast-moving, highly destructive landslide, called a "debris flow," which often has the power to wipe out…

Integrative biological science and training are the focus of 4 new institutes

Mon, 2022-08-15 14:07
From understanding the multifaceted transmission of disease to deciphering how living organisms adapt to harsh conditions, answering big questions in biology requires interdisciplinary research and scientists engaging and partnering with those from…

Invasive species' success may lie in living fast, dying young

Mon, 2022-08-15 10:24
For some species conquering new territory, it might be better to live fast and die young. In a new study, biologists at the University of Iowa looked at why a type of freshwater snail that has invaded ecosystems worldwide has been so successful…

Oldest DNA from domesticated American horse lends credence to shipwreck theory

Mon, 2022-08-15 10:24
An abandoned Caribbean colony unearthed centuries after it had been forgotten and a case of mistaken identity in the archaeological record have conspired to rewrite the history of Assateague, a barrier island off the Virginia and Maryland coasts…

Engineers improve catalyst that destroys 'forever chemicals' with sunlight

Thu, 2022-08-11 10:33
Chemical engineers at Rice University have improved their design for a light-powered catalyst that rapidly breaks down PFOA, or perfluorooctanoic acid, one of the world's most problematic "forever chemical" pollutants. These pollutants aren't easily…

'Plaza' in ancient city of Cahokia near today’s St. Louis was likely inundated year-round

Thu, 2022-08-11 10:32
The ancient North American city of Cahokia had as its focal point a feature now known as Monks Mound, a giant earthwork surrounded on its north, south, east and west by large rectangular open areas. These flat zones, called plazas by archaeologists…

NSF announces 4 new Engineering Research Centers focused on agriculture, health, manufacturing and smart cities

Wed, 2022-08-10 13:00
Engineering discoveries and advances have the power to make transformational positive impacts on society. For decades, the U.S. National Science Foundation has been a steadfast supporter of research centers that integrate engineering with other…

Researchers pull record of 700,000 years of tropical climate change from an Andean lakebed

Wed, 2022-08-10 11:28
When Mark Abbott and his team pulled a 300-foot-long core of mud from a lakebed high in the Peruvian Andes, he hoped it might provide a glimpse of the past 160,000 years of climate change. Instead, the U.S. National Science Foundation-supported…

Water resources to become less predictable with climate change

Wed, 2022-08-10 11:24
Water resources will fluctuate increasingly and become more and more difficult to predict in snow-dominated regions across the Northern Hemisphere by later this century, according to a comprehensive new climate change study led by the National Center…

How did Earth avoid a Mars-like fate? Ancient rocks hold clues

Tue, 2022-08-09 10:14
Approximately 1,800 miles beneath our feet, swirling liquid iron in the Earth's outer core generates the planet's protective magnetic field. The magnetic field is invisible but is vital for life on Earth's surface because it shields the planet from…

What is a pond? Study provides first data-driven definition

Tue, 2022-08-09 10:14
What, exactly, distinguishes a pond from a lake or a wetland? A U.S. National Science Foundation-supported study co-led by Cornell University offers the first data-driven, functional definition of a pond and evidence of ponds' distinct ecological…

NSF and Amazon continue collaboration that strengthens and supports fairness in artificial intelligence and machine learning

Mon, 2022-08-08 11:02
Artificial intelligence and machine learning evolve fast. It is crucial that artificial intelligence and machine learning systems be accountable, fair, inclusive and transparent. The U.S. National Science Foundation has been a leader in providing…

Moths enlist additional troops in an evolutionary arms race

Mon, 2022-08-08 09:59
While a clear night sky might seem quiet and peaceful to us, empty of everything but stars, this nocturnal world is filled with a high-pitched cacophony of sound just beyond our ability to hear. Bats pierce the shadows with ultrasonic pulses that…

Researchers develop computer model to predict whether a pesticide will harm bees

Mon, 2022-08-08 09:58
Researchers at Oregon State University have harnessed the power of artificial intelligence to help protect bees from pesticides. Cory Simon and Xiaoli Fern led the project, which involved training a machine learning model to predict whether proposed…

Facilitating US-India bilateral research collaborations

Fri, 2022-08-05 11:00
In February 2022, the U.S. National Science Foundation issued a Dear Colleague Letter encouraging joint U.S.-India research projects involving principal investigators from both nations for collaborative research that can accelerate the development of…

New dissolving implantable device relieves pain without medication

Thu, 2022-08-04 10:21
A team of scientists and engineers at Northwestern University supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation has developed an implantable pain relieving device -- a promising alternative to opioids and other addictive analgesics. The device could…

To keep up with evolving prey, rattlesnakes tap genetically diverse venom toolbox

Thu, 2022-08-04 10:20
In the evolutionary "arms race" between rattlesnakes and their prey, rodents, birds and other reptiles develop resistance to the snakes' deadly venom to survive. But U.S. National Science Foundation-supported research led by the University of…

Four New NSF INCLUDES Alliances Announced

Thu, 2022-08-04 10:00
The U.S. National Science Foundation will establish four new NSF INCLUDES Alliances to enhance preparation, increase participation and ensure the inclusion of individuals from historically underrepresented groups in science, technology, engineering…

NSF selects James L. Moore III to head the Education and Human Resources Directorate

Wed, 2022-08-03 13:56
The U.S. National Science Foundation has selected James L. Moore III to head the Directorate for Education and Human Resources, or EHR, which supports research that enhances learning and teaching, and broad efforts to achieve excellence in STEM…